Have you ever wondered why the Upper Peninsula (U.P.) is part of Michigan and not Wisconsin?

Why Does The U.P. Belong To Michigan Instead Of Wisconsin?
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It's an interesting story that goes back to the early days of the United States.

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Why Did They Want The U.P.

In the early 19th century, when the United States was still growing and expanding, there was a need to establish clear boundaries between the different states. The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 played a major role in this process, outlining rules for the organization of new territories and the admission of new states to the Union.

Credit: National Archives
Credit: National Archives
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Michigan and Wisconsin were part of this vast frontier and as settlers moved west, the question of where to draw the boundary lines became crucial. The U.P., with its abundant natural resources and strategic location, became a focal point of these discussions. In 1836, Michigan became a state, and the U.P. was included within its borders. However, the story doesn't end there.

The Toledo War

A dispute arose over the border between Michigan and Wisconsin, and it was resolved through the Toledo War. No shots were fired, but there was a heated argument over a strip of land that included the city of Toledo. Michigan eventually gave up its claim to Toledo in exchange for the western part of the U.P.

Why Does The U.P. Belong To Michigan Instead Of Wisconsin?

The Toledo War may have been a silly chapter in American history, but it led to the U.P. finding its rightful place within the borders of Michigan. Today, residents of the U.P. proudly call themselves Michiganders (and Yoopers), celebrate the unique blend of history, geography, and practicality that makes them part of the Great Lakes State.

A Natural Connection

Geography also played a significant role in the decision. The U.P. is naturally connected to the rest of Michigan, with its landforms, rivers, and lakes providing a seamless transition from one region to the other. This geographical connection made sense for the U.P. to be part of Michigan, creating a unified and connected state.

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 Native Americans Connection To The U.P. And Michigan

History also played a crucial role. The early settlers and Native American communities in the U.P. had historical ties to the Michigan territory. As Michigan emerged as a state, it was only fitting that the U.P. remained part of the state's identity. The shared history and cultural connections added to the idea that the U.P. belonged with Michigan.

It Was The Easier Option

Practical considerations were important as well. Managing a state involves dealing with resources, infrastructure, and governance. Including the U.P. within Michigan simplified the administration and development of the entire region. It allowed for better coordination and planning, benefiting both the U.P. and the rest of Michigan.

That is why the U.P. belongs to Michigan instead of Wisconsin.

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